Psychotherapy and counselling is, basicly, a psychological help from a professional in order one to feel better and find solutions for his/her psychological problems. Obviously, the positive impact of psychotherapy and counselling is much more complicated than one’s feeling better. Psychotherapy helps the individual to conform his/herself, look into his/her inner world, make a connection with his/herself, thus to understand his/her inner self better. It would not be enough to call psychotherapy as a struggle to see better, listen better and grasp better. Analysis of the inner world supplies the change. The individual reflects the inner change in his/her outer world. Enourmous mental and psychic positive change is possible with psychotherapy.

What is individual adult psychotherapy?

Individual adult psychotherapy is a two-person adventure gone on with the therapist. The individual would be able to discover his/her inner world, to feel a variety of emotions such as excitement, fear, anxiety, joy, love and hate as to remember previous experiences, and to talk about dreams and phantasies during this amazing adventure. This two-person relationship creates a safe area to work on important issues for the client. Although feeling safe is an important base, the feelings of distrust and uncanny in the inner world is also subject of psychological work. Psychotherapy may be defined as a safe and free space to work about any psychological issue by using the words.

Psychotherapy and Change

How is change possible in the psychotherapy? Some clients mention about that the psychotherapy porcess enables them to have a technique to solve their problems, and some others tell that they and things have changed as they do not understand how. Most of people may not believe they would be healed by using words if they have not been to psychotherapy. In the psychotheraupetic setting both by using words and by non-verbal communication, the individual is able to work on how he/she internalized past experiences and he/she faces past in the current experiences in an unreal way. Unconcious associations of his/her mind, unconsious beliefs and equations, themes connected to each other and how they affect the person, perceptions both compatible and incompatible with reality, aware and unaware experiences, him/herself, others than him/herself, the perception of outer world and his/her approach to these issues would be worked in the psychotherapy process.

Lenght of Psychotherapy Process and Frequency of Sessions

How often, how long? The frequency of sessions and the lenght of psychotherapy depends on the motivaton and decision of the individual. However, if the person feels ready, a longer and more frequent psyhotherapy process would be more helpful to work on all aspects of a person’s life and a more permanent and satisfactory change would be possible. Some people may desire to have a psychological counselling on a specific issue, in that case it may be felt that it is beneficial enough to have couple of sessions. However, in order a person to grasp his/herself on a deeper level and experience an essential change, minimum once a week frequency and minimum couple of years is required. Long-term psychotherapy is a open-ended process and may last for years.

The Frame of Psychotherapeutic Practice – Stability Principle

Psikoterapinin belirli bir uygulama çerçevesi vardır. Psikoterapi seansları için sabitlik ilkesi önemlidir. Sabitlik ilkesi, seansların mümkün olduğunca sabit unsurlar dahilinde yapılmasını vurgular: Sabit bir saat aralığı, sabit bir gün veya günler, sabit bir mekan gibi. Sabit bir dışsal çerçeve, sabit bir terapi ilişkisini mümkün kılar. Bu sabitlik, belirlilik ve bu unsurların kolaylaştırdığı güven dolu terapi ilişkisi içselleştirilir ve içsel çerçeveyi olumlu yönde etkiler. Süreksizlikler ve kopukluklar içeren içsel çerçeve tamir olma imkanı bulur.

Confidentiality Principle

Another siginificant point of psyhcotherapy is the confidentiality. The psychotherapist is responsible to apply confidentiality principle. The clients’ identity and the content of psychotherapy sessions are kept as a secret by psychotherapist. As an exception, which is a rare position, if the client harms him/herself or harms an other person physically in a serious way, the third parties could be informed in order to protect them.

Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychotherapy

In the psychoanalytic psychotherapy method, “free association” technique is used. It refers to the person to tell whatever comes to his/her mind as uncensored as possible. It is aimed to reach unconscious processes by using this technique. Another technique used in psychoanalytic psychotherapy approach is to explore dreams. Dreams are another way to reach unconscious materials. Interpretation of dreams enable to be aware of unaware materials. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy also focuses on transferance and countertransferance processes to work on unconscious dynamics. Working on dynamics in the psychotheraupetic relationship between the psychotherapist and the client enables to grasp past experiences and the inner world.

Humanistic (Person-Centred, Rogerien) Psychotherapy Approach

Person-centred psychotherapy refers to psychotherapist being empatic, transparant, present and offering unconditional positive regard. According to Carl Rogers, transparancy refers not to behave in false self and presenting your real self. Presence refers to attention and care of the client, properly timed interpretations and the belief of positive change. Unconditional positive regard refers to value the real self of client whoever he/she is and whatever the way it is. A psychotherapist and a psychotherapy having these conditions would be healing.

Working Areas

Depression, Depressive States, Anxiety, Panic Attacks, Romantic Relations, Social Relations, Family Relations, Work Relations and Career, Fobies, the feeling of Uneasiness, Loneliness, Fear, Eating Disorders, Self-harming Behaviours, Psychosomatization, Personal Growth and Personal Development, Loss and Grief, the feeling of Unhappiness and Hopelessness, Gender issues, Sexual issues, Sexual Orientation issues, Traumatic Experiences, being subjected to Abuse, Bullying and/or Mobbing, Childhood Experiences, Discovering and Analysing One’s Self, Increasing and Realizing One’s Potential, Increasing Awareness etc. You may request psychological counselling and psychotherapy for all kind of pscyhological issues.

Deniz Coşan - Specialist Clinical Psychologist


Clinical Psychologist & Psychotherapist & Clinical Supervisor & Psychoanalyst in Formation IPA

Deniz Coşan is a Clinical Psychologist & Counselling Psychologist & Psychotherapist & Psychoanalyst in Formation located in Istanbul, Turkey. She applies counselling, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis for adults in private practice & she also offers clinical supervision to psychotherapist working in psychoanalytical approach. Her sessions are both in English and in Turkish, face to face & online.